NOTE: Since its discovery in 1995, this type of hereditary cancer has changed from one type of cancer, caused by mutations in only one gene to several types of cancer, caused by mutations in any of many different genes. As a result, all labels used to describe this syndrome, such as ''breast cancer gene'', ''BRCA'', ''hereditary breast and ovarian cancer'' and ''HBOC'' tell only part of the story, leaving out well over half of those who are affected. To better serve our patient group, we are in the process of changing our name and updating all resources to reflect the fully inclusive and future forward RISKY GENES™ brand. We ask for your patience during this process.
Mastectomy and Breast Reconstruction
Whether a person chooses to have breast reconstruction or not, mastectomy tattoos are becoming increasingly popular. They come in many forms, the most popular being the 3D nipple tattoo. Under the hand of a skilled professional the illusion can be stunning. When choosing a tattoo artist it is essential to pick someone who not only has a high level of artistic ability but also has the additional training to properly deal with post-mastectomy skin and scar tissue. Respectable artists will be happy to show you their portfolio and put you in touch with past clients so you can view live results.
Breast reconstruction can be performed immediately or at a later date. The timing and type of breast reconstruction performed is dependent on a variety of factors
Breast reconstruction generally falls into two categories: implant-based reconstruction or flap reconstruction. Implant reconstruction relies on breast implants to help form a new breast mound. Flap (or autologous) reconstruction uses the patient's own tissue from another part of the body to form a new breast Procedures and timing may vary by region and plastic surgeon.
For indepth information on types of breast reconstruction, visit the Amercian Society of Plastic Surgeons' Breast Reconstruction Education Center
Mastectomy is the medical term for the surgical removal of one or both breasts, partially or completely
A mastectomy is usually carried out to treat breast cancer. In the case of HBOC syndrome carriers who are at high risk of breast cancer, removal of both breasts is often recommended prophylactically (prevanatively). The need for frequent surveillance, numerous biopsies, and the fear of developing cancer can be reduced, if not eliminated, with prophylactic mastectomy. Most statistics report the procedure reduces breast cancer risk by up to 95%, but according to Dr. Steven Narod, leader in the field of hereditary breast cancer, prophylactic double-mastectomy reduces cancer risk by at least 98%, Obviously, this procedure is usually carried out on a woman, but can also be performed on male carriers whose risk warrants it.